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Multiple Solutions for Semilinear $\Delta_{\gamma}-$differential Equations in $\mathbb R^N$ with Sign-changing Potential

Commun. Math. Anal.
Volume 22, Number 1 (2019), 61 - 75

Multiple Solutions for Semilinear $\Delta_{\gamma}-$differential Equations in $\mathbb R^N$ with Sign-changing Potential

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Abstract

In this paper, we study the existence of infinitely many nontrivial solutions of the semilinear $\Delta_{\gamma}$ differential equations in $\mathbb{R}^N$
\begin{align*}
- \Delta_{\gamma}u+ b(x)u=f(x,u)\quad \mbox{ in }\; \mathbb{R}^N, \quad
u \in S^2_{\gamma}(\mathbb{R}^N),
\end{align*}
where $\Delta_{\gamma}$ is the subelliptic operator of the type
$$
\Delta_\gamma: =\sum\limits_{j=1}^{N}\partial_{x_j} \left(\gamma_j^2 \partial_{x_j} \right), \quad \partial_{x_j}:
=\frac{\partial }{\partial x_{j}},\quad \gamma = (\gamma_1, \gamma_2, ..., \gamma_N),
$$
and the potential $b$ is allowed to be sign-changing, and the primitive of the nonlinearity $f$ is of superquadratic growth near infinity in $u$ and allowed to be sign-changing.